(1) Another heroic figure of Bhutan is Shabdrung, the lama who assumed the title of Dharma Raja in the seventeenth century and laid the political foundations of Bhutan State.(2) In his younger days, the Karmapa spent much of his time in a monastery where he received a special education befitting a boy believed to be the reincarnation of a previous lama .(3) Authorization as a lama usually comes directly from one's teachers and is often not given until the recipient has completed much practice and study.(4) The local lama (Buddhist spiritual leader) is informed of the birth and the time that it occurred.(5) No doubt, becoming a student involves finding an appropriate teacher, irrespective of whether that teacher is a bhante, lama , rinpoche, sensei or roshi.(6) It is even, at times, hard to imagine that Rinpoche is an incarnate lama who spent fourteen of his first nineteen years in rigorous monastic training in Old Tibet.(7) Ricard, himself a Buddhist lama , is the French translator for the Dalai Lama and has photographed life in Tibet and Nepal for 30 years.(8) My case was a little different because I was raised as a reincarnate lama .(9) Whether a lama is recognized as the incarnation of a previous master is not paramount to Tibetans.(10) Puman was taken to India at the age of six to be trained as a Tibetan Buddhist lama , while his parents stayed in Taiwan.(11) Mongols sought the counsel and help of the lama (priest or monk) for every aspect of their life: migration, marriage, childbirth, disease, and death.(12) This lama mastered all of the teachings of the Dro clan, including the Kalachakra.(13) The young Buddhist leader is the first lama whose authority is recognized both by China and the Dalai Lama.(14) All others are totally lacking in freedom, because they must subordinate their will to that of the patriarch, lama , emperor, pharaoh, or whatever else the despot may be called.(15) She was very much like a Zen monk, or a lama , or my guru.(16) For men, a middle name is given by the lama , a Buddhist holy man.